Wilhelm Windelband's A History of Philosophy; With Especial Reference to the PDF

By Wilhelm Windelband

This Elibron Classics publication is a facsimile reprint of a 1901 version by way of the Macmillan corporation, long island.

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The question Who was Socrates? has hardly yet been satisfactorily answered. " What are called the mechanical arts," says Socrates, " carry a social stigma and are rightly dishonoured in our cities. For these arts damage the bodies of those who work at them or who have charge of them, by compelling the workers to a sedentary life and to an indoor life, by compelling them, indeed, in some cases to spend the whole day by the fire. This physical degeneration results also in deterioration of the soul.

Such is the history of the heavens, of meteorology, of earth and sea, of minerals, of plants, of animals. " 26 These are words of wisdom. The distinction between natura libera and natura vexata lies at the basis of science. It was the Ionian Greeks, boldly planning to master and modify nature by the art and agency of man, who first drew a firm distinction between nature and society, between the environment man shares with the animals and what he has made out of it for himself. Only when this distinction had been clearly drawn, when the unique position of man in the universe had been clearly realized, was it possible for the philosopher to ask himself what is the relation between humanly controlled processes and natural processes.

In these conditions society in time lost all true sense of its own origins The inventions of the fundamental arts, man's chief title to pride, were ascribed either to go3s~or phnosopners. TO Homer Aesculapius was a man, to Plato a god. The introduction of the fiction of the divine founders of the THE HAND IN HEALING I 46 arts kept pace with the degradation of their practiIt was the opinion of the Stoic philosopher tioners. , that all the fundamental discoveries agriculture, the potter's wheel, spinning, weaving, carpentry, metallurgy, and architecture were made by the philosophers and handed over to slaves.

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A History of Philosophy; With Especial Reference to the Formation and Development of Its Problems and Conceptions by Wilhelm Windelband


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