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1 where the individual degradations are discussed in more detail, and system parameters for a quantitative description are defined. 2 Room Acoustics Speech communication via the telephone usually takes place from locations which are not shielded against ambient noise, concurrent talkers, or reverberation. Thus, in nearly all practically relevant cases the acoustic environment in which an SDS-based service is used has to be taken into account. Room acoustic influences are particularly important for services accessed through the mobile network, as the acoustic situation is usually worse than in locations with fixed installed telephone sets.

The incorporation of prosodic information can yield performance improvements in speech recognition and speech understanding, as it helps to disambiguate meanings. Speakers make use of prosody when starting a new discourse segment, and accentual focussing is commonly used in several languages to signal new information. , 1995). , 2002). For crucial information, recurrence is sometimes made to a spelling module, because recognition accuracy for spelled words is usually higher than for spoken words (Meyer and Hild, 1997).

3 Language Understanding On the basis of the word string produced by the speech recognizer, a language understanding module tries to extract the semantic information and to produce a representation of the meaning that can be used by the dialogue management module. This process usually consists of a syntactic analysis (to determine the constituent structure of the recognized word list), a semantic analysis (to determine the meanings of the constituents), and a contextual analysis. e. a program that diagrams sentences of the language used, supplying a correct grammatical analysis, identifying its constituents, labelling them, identifying the part of speech of every word in the sentence, and usually offering additional information such as semantic classes or functional classes of each word or constituent (Black, 1997).

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Active Oberon language report by Reali P.

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