By Susanne Winkler
This quantity uncovers an exceptional secret approximately language: why will we converse so successfully although ambiguity is pervasive? Conversely, how do audio system use ambiguity to accomplish a particular aim? solutions to those questions are supplied in contributions from assorted educational fields: (psycho)linguistics, literary feedback, rhetoric, theology, media experiences, law.
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Extra info for Ambiguity
The second paper is by Esme Winter-Froemel & Angelika Zirker Ambiguity in Speaker-Hearer Interaction: A Parameter-Based Model of Analysis. The authors depart from previous definitions of ambiguity in various disciplines, and propose distinguishing between ambiguities in the language system and ambiguities in discourse. Focusing on the latter level of analysis, they then discuss selected examples of ambiguities in everyday speech and in literary communication, including misunderstandings and wordplay, but also ambiguities arising from speakers’ use of pragmatic strategies, and ambiguities resulting from a hearer-induced reanalysis of the speaker’s utterance.
In Ambiguität und Schriftauslegung: Beobachtungen zu Augustins Schrift ‘De utilitate credendi’, Peter Koch & Christof Landmesser investigate the question of how different interpretive layers of texts can be decomposed and analyzed. The paper concentrates on the reception process of St. Augustine’s De utilitate credendi. , on the fact that additional, alternative or competing overall meanings of a text may be produced in specific reception contexts. Britta Stolterfoht (University of Tübingen): Ambiguity and Sentence Position: An Experimental Case Study on Manner Adverbs / Ambiguität und Satzposition: Eine experimentelle Fallstudie zu Manner Adverbien Wasow (this volume) looks at ambiguity from the perspective of language production and concludes that speakers disobey the principle Avoid ambiguity on many occasions.
Wasow then notes that linguists often invoke avoidance of ambiguity as a functional motivation for particular grammatical structures or changes. , optionality of that, lexical ambiguities, relative ordering of direct objects and prepositional phrases) in the production process. The only type of ambiguity for which there is any systematic evidence that it is avoided is ambiguity with respect to argument structure (that is, who did what to whom); and even argument structure ambiguity is often possible.
Ambiguity by Susanne Winkler