New PDF release: Ancient Readings of Plato’s 'Phaedo'

By Sylvain Delcomminette, Assistant Professor of Ancient Philosophy and Intellectual History Pieter D'Hoine, Marc-Antoine Gavray

ISBN-10: 9004282173

ISBN-13: 9789004282179

Plato’s Phaedo hasn't ever didn't allure the eye of philosophers and students. but the historical past of its reception in Antiquity has been little studied. the current quantity for this reason proposes to check not just the Platonic exegetical culture surrounding this discussion, which culminates within the commentaries of Damascius and Olympiodorus, but additionally its position within the reflections of the rival Peripatetic, Stoic, and Sceptical schools.
This quantity hence goals to make clear the surviving commentaries and their resources, in addition to on much less frequent facets of the heritage of the Phaedo’s historic reception. through doing so, it may well aid to elucidate what historic interpreters of Plato can and can't provide their modern opposite numbers.

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Download PDF by Sylvain Delcomminette, Assistant Professor of Ancient: Ancient Readings of Plato’s 'Phaedo'

Plato’s Phaedo hasn't ever did not allure the eye of philosophers and students. but the heritage of its reception in Antiquity has been little studied. the current quantity accordingly proposes to check not just the Platonic exegetical culture surrounding this discussion, which culminates within the commentaries of Damascius and Olympiodorus, but additionally its position within the reflections of the rival Peripatetic, Stoic, and Sceptical colleges.

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I 4, 101b18–19). Cependant, ce passage du Phédon va plus loin, en ce qu’il lie cette thématique à celle de la causalité. En effet, ce n’est pas seulement le froid, mais également la neige en tant qu’ elle est essentiellement froide, qui peut être cause de la froideur d’une chose froide; de même, non seulement l’imparité, mais également le trois en tant qu’ il est essentiellement impair, peut rendre impair quelque chose d’impair. Comme le remarque Ross, qui souscrit à l’interprétation de Shorey, Platon est ici très près de formuler des syllogismes tels que «l’imparité appartient au fait d’ être trois, le fait d’ être trois appartient à ce groupe, donc l’imparité appartient à ce groupe», ou encore «la parité n’appartient pas au fait d’être trois, le fait d’ être trois appartient à ce groupe, donc la parité n’appartient pas à ce groupe», soit des syllogismes typiques en Barbara et Celarent ; et ce, en se basant sur le principe général selon lequel la présence d’une nature spécifique dans un sujet entraîne la présence de la nature générique correspondante en lui43.

If this is assumed, one can indeed place it in contradistinction to the more ‘scientific’ method of acquiring knowledge, that is, by proof. Fr. 77b adds a comment to that effect: At any rate, it is the necessity from demonstration that convinces the soul, not the recollection. Damascius replies to the second point (learning how to play flute or cither) with some examples of ‘self-taught men’, but his points are not strong: they are of obscure mythological or literary origin (Heraclitus the Egyptian farmer, Phemius in Homer, Od.

Phys. ii 9, 200a5–6 : ἀλλ’ ὅμως οὐκ ἄνευ μὲν τούτων γέγονεν, οὐ μέντοι διὰ ταῦτα πλὴν ὡς δι’ ὕλην). On sait d’ailleurs que ce qui est qualifié de «ce sans quoi la cause ne pourrait être cause» sera réhabilité dans le Timée sous le nom de συναίτιον (46c7, d1, 76d6). Ensuite, parce que Platon accepte très clairement de désigner comme cause un certain type au moins de cause efficiente, à savoir l’ intelligence productive orientée vers le bien, non seulement dans le Phédon, mais à toutes les périodes de son activité littéraire et philosophique35.

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Ancient Readings of Plato’s 'Phaedo' by Sylvain Delcomminette, Assistant Professor of Ancient Philosophy and Intellectual History Pieter D'Hoine, Marc-Antoine Gavray


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