Read e-book online Aristotle on Teleology (Oxford Aristotle Studies) PDF

By Monte Ransome Johnson

ISBN-10: 0199285306

ISBN-13: 9780199285303

ISBN-10: 1435623541

ISBN-13: 9781435623545

Aristotle's has been the main influential philosophy within the complete heritage of technology. Monte Johnson examines its such a lot debatable element: Aristotle's emphasis at the significance of targets and reasons to clinical understanding--his teleology. from time to time this coverage has proved deeply incorrect, for instance in his earth-centric cosmology, or his anthropology purporting to justify slavery and male domination. yet in lots of components Aristotle's teleology has been winning, and continues to be influential, for instance in adaptationist evolutionary idea, embryology, and genetics. Johnson's publication indicates additionally how Aristotle's idea has profound implications for environmental ethics and for the speculation of worth generally.

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Extra info for Aristotle on Teleology (Oxford Aristotle Studies)

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21). For a fascinating discussion of a Coimbran commentary on Categories translated into Chinese in the seventeenth century, see Wardy 2000. e. humans). The Coimbrans clearly related ends of all lower beings to humans. Suárez (1548–1617) simply argued that they do not have ends in the strict sense; for lower beings, there is no final causality, properly speaking, but only a tendency to a certain end . . e. with respect to the order of efficient causes] . . but absolutely the chief [principle] is the first cause, and so an adequate principle of such actions includes an intellectual cause intending their ends.

Meteor i 1, 338a20–339a10 and Sens 1, 436a1–18) and application of general principles to a vast array of subjects—it is nonetheless clear that the ultimate source for our edition was edited and adapted to the demands of the kind of systematic ordering exemplified by the great Hellenistic schools. Whether or not a man named Andronicus was responsible for all this, it is clear that the condition of Aristotelian texts at this time inevitably created the need for a great amount of exegesis, in order to iron out the details of the Aristotelian system and to account for its apparent internal inconsistencies.

And this species of cause is the most powerful of all the causes, for the ²⁸ Sorabji 1990b, pp. 193–4. 3. For a thoroughgoing summary, see Wippel 2000, pp. 410–13, 480–5. 13. ³¹ He says: ‘even Averroes admits in De Substantia Orbis that god causes the heavens not only in respect to its motion, but also in respect to its substance. This could not be unless it had its existence from him. But it only has eternal existence from him. Therefore it has its eternity from another. And Aristotle’s words are also in agreement with this when he says in Metaphysics v [1015b9–10] and above at the beginning of Book VIII that there are certain necessary things which have a cause of their necessity’ (Aquinas, In Phys viii 1154, cf.

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Aristotle on Teleology (Oxford Aristotle Studies) by Monte Ransome Johnson

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