By Deborah K. W. Modrak
It is a publication approximately Aristotle's philosophy of language, interpreted in a framework that gives a entire interpretation of Aristotle's metaphysics, philosophy of brain, epistemology and technology. The goals of the publication are to explicate the outline of which means contained in De Interpretatione and to teach the relevance of that conception of aspiring to a lot of the remainder of Arisotle's philosophy. within the procedure Deborah Modrak unearths how that thought of which means has been a lot maligned.
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Extra info for Aristotle's Theory of Language and Meaning
Here, too, the issue of ontological dependence raises its troublesome head. Since the winged creatures are substances, why say, as Aristotle does, that primary substances are never relatives (8ai5-i8) and that relatives are ontologically posterior to substance? It is tempting to attribute the following position to him: with respect to surface grammar 'that which has wings' appears to be a substance sortal, but in fact it names an attribute (being winged) that the substance possesses in virtue of a relation it stands in to something else (a wing).
20 While Kretzmann was surely right to call attention to the conventional connotations of cr6|i|3ota)v (cf. i6a28), a cautious attitude should be adopted with respect to his further claim that orpeiov should be read as symptom in this context. Aristotle's preferred term for signification is or||iaivco, and he frequently uses crnjieiov as a cognate. If words are signifiers of mental contents rather than symptoms of mental states, then these lines do express a semantic theory, however elliptically or inadequately.
355-68). 26 LANGUAGE AND KNOWLEDGE i6ai6-i8). 34 In the case of 'A manandhorse is white', the listener lacks such a context in contrast to a listener who is familiar with the mythical creature that is half goat and half stag. (Aristotle arbitrarily assigns the name 'garment' [ijLtorciov] to the putative concept of 'manandhorse' at i8aig, thus making it clear that this example is not about a centaur [Kevxcropcx;] a mythical creature that is half horse and half man. )35 This is not to say that treating 'goatstag' or 'centaur' as significant terms is not troublesome for Aristotle.
Aristotle's Theory of Language and Meaning by Deborah K. W. Modrak