By Edward Arian
The altering position of a good orchestra within the overall musical lifetime of the neighborhood is the subject matter of Dr. Arian's outstanding and, certainly, specific learn of the executive difficulties of the Philadelphia Orchestra. As either musician and professional in organizational habit, Dr. Arian describes the improvement of the orchestra through Leopold Stokowski into an incomparable musical software, the monetary difficulties it confronted, the transitority answer of those difficulties by means of a technique of bureaucratic compromise, and the disappointment of some of the orchestra's greater musical percentages by way of the very compromises designed initially to make sure its sability.
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Additional info for Bach, Beethoven and Bureaucracy
33 Board members as well as union officials acknowledge this to be a major problem of labor relations. Second, because the Orchestra is available to only -32- a relative few in the community who can afford to attend its regularly priced concerts, other large segments of the local population have ben excluded from its cultural benefits. TABLE II-2 Season 1934-35 1935-36 1936-37 1938-39 1939-40 1966-67 83 100 72 72 72 121 INCREASE IN TOURING Concerts ( Philadelphia) 17 16 28 45 69 83 Concerts (out of town Total 100 116 100 117 141 204 ADDITIONAL METHODS OF REDUCING OPERATING COSTS Some additional areas of operation in which the Association has been able to effect economies have helped to reduce its deficit.
It has accomplished this by maintaining professional excellence and by bureaucratization, that is, by successfully emulating astute business practices of economy and efficiency. These practices, however, have exacted a high toll: the artistic quality of the Orchestra's programming and the education of its audiences have suffered; it has neglected a responsibility to American culture by largely ignoring -48- modern music and catering instead to the conservative musical tastes of its upper class audience; the spectrum of concert artists presented has been restricted; its musicians have been exploited in various ways with a resultant lowering of morale and worsening of labor relations; and, finally, it has neglected the musical education of the young and served the cultural needs of only a small and narrow segment of the community.
Mrs. Harold E. Yarnall 1912-13 to 1937-38 (SR) Edward Bok 1914-15 to 1929-30 Charles D. Hart 1916-17 to 1933-34 (SR) Henry McKean Ingersoll 1915-16 to 1934-35 (SR) Charlton Yarnall 1916-17 to 1934-35 (SR) Samuel S. Fels 1915-16 to 1934-35 Effingham B. Morris 1917-18 to 1934-35 (SR) Joseph E. Widener 1916-17 to 1934-35 (SR) William J. Turner 1919-20 to 1929-30 (SR) Robert K. Cassatt 1920-21 to 1932-33 (SR) Evan Randolph 1922-23 to 1929-30 (SR) Effingham B. Morris, Jr. 1916-17 to 1934-35 (SR) William Phillip Barba 1926-27 to 1932-33 Owen J.
Bach, Beethoven and Bureaucracy by Edward Arian