By Manuel Lima
Timber are some of the most ubiquitous spiritual symbols the world over. From old Sumer to Christianity, from the Maya civilization to Buddhism, there’s rarely a human society over the a long time that hasn’t linked bushes with a few type of celestial and non secular power.
Due to its expressive caliber and common branching scheme, bushes have additionally turn into vital conversation instruments, illustrating quite a few subject matters resembling relatives ties, ethical values, platforms of legislation, domain names of technology, organic species, harddrive drives, database schemas, and on-line discussions.
The e-book of bushes covers over 800 years of human tradition during the lens of the tree determine, from its entrenched roots in non secular medieval exegesis to its modern, secular electronic issues. With approximately two hundred photographs the publication bargains a visible evolutionary historical past of this common metaphor, displaying us the incremental adoption of a stylized, summary build, in addition to a contemporary emergence of latest visible versions, many using complicated computer-generated algorithms. finally, this ebook makes visualization a prism wherein to watch the evolution of civilization.
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Additional info for Book of Trees - Visualizing Branches of Knowledge
10 Tree figures appear in most of Llull’s work, and he is known for having devised several moral trees delineating ethics, virtues, and vices, as well as different versions of the tree of Porphyry (see Fig. 18). But it is in his extensive and distinctive encyclopedia Arbor scientiae (Tree of science), first published in 1296, that Llull distinguishes himself in the development of the tree model | Fig. 27. In this magnificent compilation of sixteen trees of science, mapping a variety of knowledge domains, Llull forms a complex organizational structure made of intricate connections, where the tree represents a central element of his vision and his search for a universal science or wisdom.
The former lists a series of human qualities related to heavenly morality (cardinal virtues); the latter, in opposition, portrays a set of qualities associated with earthly immorality (cardinal sins). This juxtaposition of good and bad provided a recurrent structure in which medieval monks could interpret and contemplate the associations between principal virtues and greater sins or vices. The tree figure was also used during this period to convey various expressions of law, such as papal bulls or decrees, legal treatises, and the rulings and verdicts of monarchs | Figs.
The Trustees of the British Museum. All rights reserved. The Book of Trees 52 Loyset Liédet Tree of consanguinity 1471 53 Figurative Trees Illustration by Loyset Liédet (1420–79), a Dutch miniaturist and illuminator whose patrons included Philip the Good (the duke of Burgundy from 1419 to 1467) and Charles the Bold (the duke of Burgundy from 1467 to 1477). This particular illustration is part of a manuscript on jurisprudence and illustrates the various kinship relations among family members. It is accompanied by a text covering the explicit conditions of marriage, in order to avoid any risk of incest and consanguinity.
Book of Trees - Visualizing Branches of Knowledge by Manuel Lima