By Ian Leslie
Study the reality approximately mendacity with this enticing examine how deception provides us a survival aspect and shapes humankind.
mendacity is an intrinsic a part of our social cloth, however it can also be a deeply complicated and misunderstood element of what makes us human. Ian Leslie takes us on a desirable trip that makes us query not just our personal courting to the reality, but additionally nearly each day-by-day come across we now have. at the method he dissects the historical past of the lie detector, how mom and dad have an effect on their children's angle to mendacity (and vice versa), Who desires to Be a Millionaire?, the philosophical ambiguity of telling the reality, invoice Clinton's presentational prowess, ask yourself Woman's lasso of fact, and why we should always be cautious of a person with greater than a hundred and fifty fb pals. Born Liars is thought-provoking, anecdotally pushed narrative nonfiction at its top. Ian Leslie's intoxicating combination of anthropology, biology, cultural background, philosophy, and well known psychology belies a significant principal message: that people have developed and thrived largely as a result of their skill to deceive.
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Extra info for Born Liars: Why We Can't Live Without Deceit
It is important to specify these circumstances as well as we can. Exactly how a gene increases the probability of a given behavior is a complex issue. In later chapters, we encounter a few examples of genes that control brain chemicals. However, genes also can affect behavior indirectly—for example, by changing the way other people treat you (Kendler, 2001). Suppose you have genes causing you to be unusually attractive. As a result, strangers smile at you, many people invite you to parties, and so forth.
How far do we extend this analogy? Chimpanzees look and act somewhat like humans. Most of us, but not all, are willing to assume that chimpanzees are conscious. If chimpanzees are conscious, how about dogs? Rats? Fish? Insects? Trees? Rocks? Most people draw the line at some point in this sequence, but not all at the same point. A similar problem arises in human development: At what point between the fertilized egg and early childhood does someone become conscious? At what point in dying does someone finally lose consciousness?
A mutation is analogous to having an untrained person add, remove, or distort something on the blueprints for your new house. A mutation leading to an altered protein is almost always disadvantageous. A mutation that modifies the amount or timing of protein production is closer to neutral and sometimes advantageous. Many of the differences among individuals and even among species depend on quantitative variations in the expression of genes. Heredity and Environment Unlike PTC sensitivity and color vision deficiency, most variations in behavior depend on the combined influence of many genes and environmental influences.
Born Liars: Why We Can't Live Without Deceit by Ian Leslie