By Jonathan Winburn
Permitting legislators to choose the electorate that make up their districts is a basic clash of curiosity and critical obstacle for the preferred sovereignty of yank elections. within the Realities of Redistricting, Jonathan Winburn examines the level of this power challenge via targeting either the incentives and the limitations dealing with nation legislators in the course of the redistricting strategy. such a lot examine on redistricting has a tendency to envision purely the results produced when it comes to partisan profits or losses; besides the fact that, we all know less approximately what constrains political mapmakers in the course of the strategy. we all know even much less approximately no matter if constraints outfitted into the method are adequate to restrict the partisan manipulation of either district barriers and electoral results. From the start levels of redistricting to the ensuing results on election day, this ebook analyzes the restrictions and incentives that nation legislators face.By interpreting the whole strategy, this publication investigates who holds the ability within the method and improves our knowing of the stipulations less than which redrawing district obstacles have an important impression on partisan politics through the state. in particular, reformers, who ordinarily argue for commissions, might locate that concentrating on the principles instead of the actors is a greater route to bettering the method. The Realities of Redistricting is a fascinating and informative learn for an individual enthusiastic about the most contentious procedures within the American procedure.
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Additional info for The Realities of Redistricting: Following the Rules and Limiting Gerrymandering in State Legislative Redistricting
The other four states use commissions. These states at various points in the process take the power from the legislature and give control to a commission to remap the states’ legislative boundaries. While all commissions take the physical control away from the legislature, the potential for partisan influence varies depending upon the type of commission used. These commissions also vary on how the membership is selected, who serves on the commission, and whether or not these bodies have primary responsibility for redistricting or take over after 38 / Chapter 2 the legislature fails to implement new maps.
In states where the courts struck down plans or drew plans, legislators know the courts are willing and able participants in the process. On the other hand, in states where there was little judicial activity, legislators may feel as if they have more freedom in drawing the lines. 28 / Chapter 2 The Use of Traditional Districting Principles The term “traditional districting principles” is the judicially recognized term for seven policies or goals that states have used over the years in drawing district boundaries in addition to population equality.
While individual’s partisan affiliation may change over time, their voter registration does not necessarily reflect this change, especially in the South. 58 Overall, the presidential vote serves as a good indicator of district preference and allows for comparability across the states. Understanding Redistricting / 49 Methodology In each of the next four chapters, I present an analysis of gerrymandering and redistricting constraints using a two-step approach: first, I examine the politics in each state, and then I focus on the changes between the old and new maps.
The Realities of Redistricting: Following the Rules and Limiting Gerrymandering in State Legislative Redistricting by Jonathan Winburn